Monday, 25 March 2013

Stockholm, Sweden

Stockholm, capital of Sweden, has the largest population of any Scandinavian city.  Roughly 850,000 people live within the city itself, with over 2 million people living in Stockholm's entire metropolitan area.  The city is centred on 14 islands, part of the Stockholm archipelago.  The city's public transport system is co-ordinated by Storstockholms Lokaltrafik (SL).  I visited Stockholm in 2008, on a trip which also took me to Copenhagen, Tallinn, Helsinki and St Petersburg.

Traffic in Sweden used to drive on the left.  This was changed in 1967 to bring Sweden into line with its neighbours.  One effect of this change was the closure of Stockholm's tram system.

A heritage tram service was restored in 1991 on the Djurgårdslinjen, linking the city centre with museums on the island of Djurgården.  Heritage trams operate at weekends from the end of March to mid-December, with a daily service operating during the high summer season.



The heritage vehicles aren't the only trams to be found on Stockholm's streets today.  Modern trams entered service in 2000 on the Tvärbanan, an orbital route through Stockholm's western and southern suburbs.  

Part of the Tvärbanan route runs on-street, often segregated from general traffic, but there are also sections on reserved track.

Since my visit, modern trams have reached Stockholm city centre, on a line which shares part of its route with the heritage trams on the Djurgårdslinjen.  There are plans to expand the tram system further.

Apart from the small but growing tram systems, Stockholm's transport network comprises buses, metro, light rail and suburban rail.  The metro system opened in stages from 1950 to 1974, and its three core lines form the backbone of the network.

Four of Stockholm's bus routes form a further core.  These routes, numbered 1 to 4, are
branded as Blåbuss (blue bus).  Articulated vehicles are used.  Needless to say, they carry a blue livery.

A further extensive network of local bus routes complements the core Blåbuss, metro, tram and rail services.   The buses are a mix of standard and articulated single-deckers, wearing a red livery. 





Ticketing is integrated between bus, tram, metro and rail networks.  Fares are based on a coarse zonal system, with a single zone covering inner and central Stockholm.  A single fare is valid for interchanges for up to an hour (two hours for a 3-zone ticket, valid over a wider area), and SL tickets are accepted on the heritage trams.  Tickets are sold at rail and metro stations and at newsagents.  They cannot, however, be bought on board buses - you must buy your ticket from a machine, newsagent or metro station before boarding.

Finally, Stockholm has a transport museum, situated a little to the south of the city centre.

1 comment:

  1. I prefer there transport to UK's (Yes, I have been there too), especially the (Pendaltag-Don't have a foreign keyboard), they are spacious. Now I didn't know they had Citaros on 112 (Alvik - Spanga), although I do know about the buses that run on Ethanol (Can be found on 514, 517) and also there is a few other blu buss routes, 172, 173, 176, 177 ,178 and 179). The SL fleet for buses does have a lot of Single-deck Omnicities too! Also I have been on the Roslagsbanan, which is a light rail transit (L27-9) in the North of Stockhlm. I do miss the Metro though, The Vagn2000 (Wagon2000)/ C20 stock and the C14 on the Blue line as well as the C6 stock on the red line. These are similar models to the C11 stock on the Saltsjobanan line. Fab post, glad you went Sweden! :)