Home to a population of around 31,000 inhabitants, Monaco's small land mass makes it the most densely-populated nation on earth.
A compact bus network comprising five routes is provided by Compagnie des Autobus de Monaco (CAM), serving the communities of Monaco-Ville, Monte-Carlo and La Condamine.
Frequencies are high - on Mondays to Fridays all 5 routes operate at intervals of between 8 and 11 minutes for most of the day. During the evenings and at weekends, the routes all run to lower frequencies. A fleet of single-deck buses is operated.
Although tickets are sold on board buses, it is usually cheaper to buy them off-bus in advance. A single fare allows unlimited transfers between buses for 30 minutes.